Given name: Ludwika Family name: Woźnicka
The twin sister of Zofia Woznicka. The translator of Anglo-Saxon literature, the author of books for children and youth, as well as for adults. As an 11-year-old little girl she was hidden with her sister by Dr Felicja Felhorska.
Both girls had very 'ugly' appearance so through the whole time of hiding they could not go out to the staircase of the building they lived in. They could not even go to the toilette.
The author started to write on 5 January 1944, and the last entry is dated 14 January 1945. The diary was written in ten, common, chequered school notebooks. Written irregularly. Bermanowa probably took a pen in her hand only when she either found the time or when she felt strong enough. Successive entries, dated scrupulously, written in Polish, were written in occupied Warsaw ('in hiding'), then in occupied ('free') capital and in a number of places near Warsaw (again 'on the Aryan papers'). The first event described took place during the Polish-German War of 1939, the latest - three days before the liberation of Warsaw (17 January 1945).