Given name: Josef Family name: Kapłan (5)

  • (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) YES
  • (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) Male
  • (1) Josef , (3) Josef , (4) Józef , (5) Josef
  • (1) Kapłan , (2) Kapłan , (3) Kapłan , (4) Kapłan , (5) Kapłan
  • (5) 1942-11-09
  • (5) November 1913
  • (1, 4) September 1942
  • (5) Kalisz
  • (1, 5) Warszawa
  • (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) No information
  • (1)

    Haszomer Hacair activist. Collaborated in the ghetto with Oneg Szabat and self-help. Was a member of the management of the anti-fascist bloc; arrested by the Germans in September 1942 and killed around 10 September 1942.


    A Zionist activist, during the I Action was rescued from the Umschlagplatz with his family thanks to a Jewish policeman named Kaplanski.


    an activist


    A decent Jewish policeman, tried to rescue people from the Umschlagplatz, Haszomer-Hacair activist, on 28 July 1942 was elected to take command over the resistance movement, made an attempt on Szerynski, was denounced and killed in September 1942.


    Grew up in a religious family, a student of a heder and a yeshiva, and then of a Polish school where Hebrew was the language of instruction. Since he was 13 years old he belonged to Haszomer Hacair, with time became the activist of the organisation in Warsaw. On the turn of 1940 he organised the underground activity of Haszomer Hacair in eastern Poland. Since 1940 he was in the Warsaw ghetto. Worked in the Joint office, set up Maapilim kibbutz. Was sent to Czestochowa where he helped set up a kibbutz in Zarki. Informed foreign Jewish organisations about the situation of the Jewis community in occupied Poland. Passed information to the Histadrut headquaters in Switzerland. In 1941 he finished his book which documented the Haszomer Hacair activity. It was published in 1942 in Palestine. His flat at Nowolipki Street No. 25, which he occupied with Miriam Heinsdorf, was an important contact place for the organisation (Kaplan fabricated documents for the underground activists there). He was also the co-founder of the first combat detachment in the ghetto. Acted in the Jewisn National Committee, was elected a member of the Jewish Fighting Organisation staff. On 3 September 1942 was arrested by the Gestapo in Landau's shop where he worked. Most probably one of the member of the resistance movement, who had been arrested a couple days earlier, denounced him. Kaplan was killed in Pawiak prison on 11 September 1942.

    • (1, 2, 3, 5) activists
    • (4) Jewish police, activists
  • (2)

    Rozin, Estera; testimony 301-4511


    Wilner, Gusta; Wspomnienia z getta i aryjskiej strony Warszawy - Poswiecone pamieci mojego Brata, bojownika Arje ('Jurka') Wilnera, ktory polegl w walce o honor Narodu Zydowskiego; (Memoirs from the Ghetto and the 'Aryan Side' of Warsaw – to Remember my Brother, the Fighter Arje ('Jurek'), who Died to Defend the Honour of the Jewish People

  • (1) 208,209,285,295, (4) 28,80, (5) 86,88,235,236